Does the doctrine of HELL exist in the bible?
by Ron Weber
Last Update: 2/8/1999
The subject matter found on this page has to do with the Christian doctrine of HELL. It contains data that I’ve been compiling for about 3 years. The driving force behind this study started off with my desire to prove that HELL exists. I needed concrete evidence that would encourage others to take steps to avoid this awful place of eternal torment. Instead, I came to the realization that main stream Christianity seems to be pushing a non-biblical doctrine. Simply stated: Today’s definition of HELL (See section #1) doesn’t seem to be taught in the original manuscripts that make up the bible.
If you are someone that has done some research concerning this subject then I would like to hear from you. Any data you decide to share will be displayed on the COMMENTS page. If your data turns out to be based on facts then it will be added to the list of facts shown below. You can find my conclusions at the bottom of this page but I insist that you try not to let them influence yours. I look forward to hearing about YOUR findings and opinions concerning this doctrine.
Unless noted, all scripture quotations were taken from the King James Version, KJV, of the bible. I decided to use the KJV because most of the resources I used for this study are based on it.
|Some Facts to Consider|
- The word HELL was used for the Hebrew word SHEOL and the Greek words HADES, GEENNA and TARTAROO in the KJV – (See section #3)
- The words HELL, GRAVE and PIT were all used for the same Hebrew word SHEOL in the KJV – (See sections #4 and #11)
- Many English bibles do not consistantly use the word HELL in the same verses – (See section #10)
- Many of the English bibles created this century do not contain the word HELL in the Old Testament – (See section #10)
- The Hebrew word SHEOL was translated as the Greek word HADES by Luke in the book of Acts – (See section #16)
- The Hebrew word SHEOL was translated as the Greek word HADES by the Septuagint translators – (See section #13)
- The Greek word GEENNA was used to describe a physical place by the Septuagint translators – (See section #14)
- In verse 1Co 15:22 the word GRAVE was used for the Greek word HADES in the KJV – (See sections #8 and #12)
- The later manuscripts that the KJV was translated from have different spellings for the Greek word HADES in Acts 2:27 and Acts 2:31 then earlier manuscripts do – (See section #12)
- The later manuscripts that the KJV was translated from use the Greek word HADES in 1Cor 15:55 while earlier manuscripts do not – (See section #12)
- SECTION #1: Definition of HELL according to the American Heritage Dictionary – Third Edition
- SECTION #2: Strong’s and (Brown-Driver-Brigg’s) Word Definitions
- SECTION #3: All occurrences of HELL
- SECTION #4: All occurrences of SHEOL
- SECTION #5: All occurrences of HINNOM
- SECTION #6: All occurrences of TOPETH
- SECTION #7: All occurrences of GEENNA
- SECTION #8: All occurrences of HADES
- SECTION #9: The only occurrence of TARTAROO
- SECTION #10: Comparison of Bible Versions and the English Word HELL
- SECTION #11: How SHEOL was Translated for Different Types of People
- SECTION #12: Textus Receptus, Alexandrian-Nestle and KJV Comparison for Hades
- SECTION #13: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Sheol & Hades<————– Under Construction.
- SECTION #14: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Hinnom <————– Under Construction.
- SECTION #15: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Topeth <————– Under Construction.
- SECTION #16: Comparison of Acts 2:25-28 with Psalm 16:8-11
|My Conclusions Concerning the Biblical Words Behind HELL|
In the King James version of the bible the English word HELL is used as the translation for the biblical words SHEOL, HADES, GEENNA and TARTAROO (See Section #3). When I first started this study I expected to find only two biblical words for HELL, one in Hebrew in the Old Testament and one in Greek in the New Testament. I also assumed that the two words would have the same meaning. When HELL was used in the Old Testament the Hebrew word always turned out to be SHEOL. Something that surprised me about SHEOL was that the King James translators did not consistently use HELL but sometimes used GRAVE or PIT (See Section #4). When I started looking for the Greek word in the New Testament I found out that there were three Greek words instead of one. They turned out to be HADES, GEENNA and TARTAROO. I also discovered that 1st Corinthians 15:55 had HADES translated as GRAVE instead of HELL in the KJV while other bible manuscripts didn’t even contain HADES in this verse.
SHEOL \ HADES
It appears that the Greek word HADES was considered to be the same as the Hebrew word SHEOL. The word HADES also appears in Luke 16:19-31 and seems to have the same attributes as SHEOL in the Old Testament. HADES also appears in Acts 2:25-28 were Peter made reference to Psalm 16:8-11 which uses the word SHEOL. The Septuagint is a Greek version of the Hebrew scriptures and HADES was used for SHEOL. A comparison of Acts 2:25-28 with Psalm 16:8-11 along with the Septuagint findings appears to give both words the same meaning
GAY HINNOM \ GEENNA \ GEHENNA \ TOPHETH
GAY HINNOM was a valley south of Jerusalem. TOPETH was a place located in the east region of GAY HINNOM. TOPETH was the place where children were sacrificed in the Old Testament days along with being the place where garbage and criminals were dumped in Jesus’ day. Look at lower part of map to see the location of the refuse gate. It’s near the east region of GAY HINNOM. It appears that the word GEENNA and GEHENNA are different spellings of the same word. It has been stated in commentaries that the Greek word GEENNA is the same as the Hebrew words GAY HINNOM. When the word GEENNA was used in the New Testament, the authors seemed to be talking more about the area of TOPHETH than all of GAY HINNOM. See the Septuagint findings for HINNOM to confirm that GEENNA was considered to be a physical place. The following verses show the original meanings for each of these words:
|II Ki 23:10 And he defiled Topheth (8612), which is in the valley (Gay – 1516) of the children of Hinnom (2011), that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.Jer 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet (8612), which is in the valley (Gay – 1516) of the son of Hinnom (2011), to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart.|
This Greek word is used once and doesn’t appear to have a Hebrew equivalent. The verse that has TARTAROO in it seems to show the meaning to be: a holding place for sinful angels until their judgment is exercised. See the following verse that contains this word:
|2 Pet 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell (Tartaroo – 5020), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;|