The Biblical Words Behind HELL

Does the doctrine of HELL exist in the bible?

by Ron Weber

Last Update: 2/8/1999 – 5:53pm CST

Send comments to: info@tentmaker.org

Comments About HELL

Introduction

The subject matter found on this page has to do with the Christian doctrine of HELL. It contains data that I’ve been compiling for about 3 years. The driving force behind this study started off with my desire to prove that HELL exists. I needed concrete evidence that would encourage others to take steps to avoid this awful place of eternal torment. Instead, I came to the realization that main stream Christianity seems to be pushing a non-biblical doctrine. Simply stated: Today’s definition of HELL (See SECTION #1:) doesn’t seem to be taught in the original manuscripts that make up the bible.

If you are someone that has done some research concerning this subject then I would like to hear from you. Any data you decide to share will be displayed on the COMMENTS page. If your data turns out to be based on facts then it will be added to the list of facts shown below. You can find my conclusions at the bottom of this page but I insist that you try not to let them influence yours. I look forward to hearing about YOUR findings and opinions concerning this doctrine.

Unless noted, all scripture quotations were taken from the King James Version, KJV, of the bible. I decided to use the KJV because most of the resources I used for this study are based on it.

Some Facts to Consider

  • The word HELL was used for the Hebrew word SHEOL and the Greek words HADES, GEENNA and TARTAROO in the KJV – (See SECTION #3)
  • The words HELL, GRAVE and PIT were all used for the same Hebrew word SHEOL in the KJV – (See SECTIONS#4: and #11:)
  • Many English bibles do not consistantly use the word HELL in the same verses – (See SECTION #10:)
  • Many of the English bibles created this century do not contain the word HELL in the Old Testament – (See SECTION #10:)
  • The Hebrew word SHEOL was translated as the Greek word HADES by Luke in the book of Acts – (See SECTION #16:)
  • The Hebrew word SHEOL was translated as the Greek word HADES by the Septuagint translators – (See SECTION #13:)
  • The Greek word GEENNA was used to describe a physical place by the Septuagint translators – (See SECTION #14:)
  • In verse 1Co 15:22 the word GRAVE was used for the Greek word HADES in the KJV – (See SECTIONS #8: and #12:)
  • The later manuscripts that the KJV was translated from have different spellings for the Greek word HADES in Acts 2:27 and Acts 2:31 then earlier manuscripts do – (See SECTION #12:)
  • The later manuscripts that the KJV was translated from use the Greek word HADES in 1Cor 15:55 while earlier manuscripts do not – (See SECTION #12:)

Data Sections

  • SECTION #1: Definition of HELL according to the American Heritage Dictionary – Third Edition
  • SECTION #2: Strong’s and (Brown-Driver-Brigg’s) Word Definitions
  • SECTION #3: All occurrences of HELL
  • SECTION #4: All occurrences of SHEOL
  • SECTION #5: All occurrences of HINNOM
  • SECTION #6: All occurrences of TOPETH
  • SECTION #7: All occurrences of GEENNA
  • SECTION #8: All occurrences of HADES
  • SECTION #9: The only occurrence of TARTAROO
  • SECTION #10: Comparison of Bible Versions and the English Word HELL
  • SECTION #11: How SHEOL was Translated for Different Types of People
  • SECTION #12: Textus Receptus, Alexandrian-Nestle and KJV Comparison for Hades
  • SECTION #13: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Sheol & Hades<————– Under Construction.
  • SECTION #14: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Hinnom <————– Under Construction.
  • SECTION #15: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Topeth <————– Under Construction.
  • SECTION #16: Com

SECTION #1: Definition of HELL according to the American Heritage Dictionary – Third Edition

  • hell (hµl) n.
    • 1.a. Often Hell. The abode of condemned souls and devils in some religions; the place of eternal punishment for the wicked after death, presided over by Satan. b. A state of separation from God.
    • 2. The abode of the dead, identified with the Hebrew Sheol and the Greek Hades; the underworld.
    • 3. Hell. Christian Science. Mortal belief; sin or error.
    • 4.a. A situation or place of evil, misery, discord, or destruction. b. Torment; anguish.
    • 5.a. The powers of darkness and evil. b. Informal. One that causes trouble, agony, or annoyance.
    • 6. A sharp scolding.
    • 7. Informal. Excitement, mischievousness, or high spirits.
    • 8.a. A tailor’s receptacle for discarded material.b. Printing. A hellbox.
    • 9. Informal. Used as an intensive.
    • 10. Archaic. A gambling house. –hell intr.v. helled, hell·ing, hells. Informal. 1. To behave riotously; carouse. –hell interj. Used to express anger, disgust, or impatience. –idioms. for the hell of it. For no particular reason; on a whim. hell on. Informal. 1. Damaging or destructive to. 2. Unpleasant to or painful for. hell or high water or hell and high water. Troubles or difficulties of whatever magnitude. hell to pay. Great trouble.

SECTION #2: Strong’s and (Brown-Driver-Brigg’s) Word Definitions

    7585 she’owl (sheh-ole’);or sheol (sheh-ole’); from 7592; Hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranean retreat), including its accessories and inmates: KJV– grave, hell, pit. (Strong’s)

    7585 she’owl or sheol-sheol, the underworld, grave, Hades, pit (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)
    a) the underworld
    b) Sheol, the Old Testament designation for the abode of the dead
    1) the place of no return
    2) without the praise of God
    3) wicked people sent there for punishment
    4) the righteous not abandoned to it
    5) used of the place of exile (figurative)
    6) used of extreme degradation in sin


    1516 gay’ (gah’-ee);or (shortened) gay (gah’-ee); probably (by transmutation) from the same root as 1466 (abbreviated); a gorge (from its lofty sides; hence, narrow, but not a gully or winter-torrent): KJV– valley. (Strong’s)

    1516 gay’ (or, shortened, gay)-a valley, a steep valley, a narrow gorge (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)


    2011 Hinnom (hin-nome’); probably of foreign origin; Hinnom, apparently a Jebusite: KJV– Hinnom. (Strong’s)

    2011 Hinnom -Hinnom = “lamentation”; a valley (deep and narrow ravine) with steep, rocky sides located southwest of Jerusalem, separating Mount Zion to the north from the `hill of evil counsel’ and the sloping rocky plateau of the `plain of Rephaim’ to the south (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)


    8612 Topheth (to’-feth); the same as 8611; Topheth, a place near Jerusalem: KJV– Tophet, Topheth. (Strong’s)

    8612 Topheth -Tophet or Topheth = “a place of fire”; a place in the southeast end of the Valley of the Sons of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem. It is the same as entry 8613. (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)


    86 haides (hah’-dace);from 1 (as negative particle) and 1492; properly, unseen, i.e. “Hades” or the place (state) of departed souls: KJV– grave, hell. (Strong’s)

    86 hades-
    1) the name of Hades or Pluto, the god of the lower regions
    2) Orcus, the nether world, the realm of the dead
    3) the later use of this word: the grave, death, hell

    In Biblical Greek it is associated with Orcus, the infernal regions, a dark and dismal place in the very depths of the earth, the common receptacle of disembodied spirits. Usually Hades is just the abode of the wicked, Luke 16:23, Rev. 20:13,14; a very uncomfortable place. (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)


    1067 geena (gheh’-en-nah); of Hebrew origin [1516 and 2011]; valley of (the son of) Hinnom; ge-henna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment: KJV– hell. (Strong’s)

    1067 geenna -Hell is the place of the future punishment call “Gehenna” or “Gehenna of fire”. This was originally the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned; a fit symbol of the wicked and their future destruction. (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)


    5020 tartaroo (tar-tar-o’-o); from Tartaros (the deepest abyss of Hades); to incarcerate in eternal torment: KJV– cast down to hell. (Strong’s)

    5020 tartaroo-
    1) the name of the subterranean region, doleful and dark, regarded by the ancient Greeks as the abode of the wicked dead, where they suffer punishment for their evil deeds; it answers to Gehenna of the Jews
    2) to thrust down to Tartarus, to hold captive in Tartarus (Brown-Driver-Briggs’)


SECTION #3: All occurances of the English word HELL

    Deut 32:22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell (sheol – 7585), and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundationsof the mountains.

    2 Sam 22:6 The sorrows of hell (sheol – 7585) compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;

    Job 11:8 It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell (sheol – 7585); what canst thou know?

    Job 26:6 Hell (sheol – 7585) is naked before him, and destruction hath no covering.

    Ps 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell (sheol – 7585), and all the nations that forget God.

    Ps 16:10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (sheol – 7585); neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

    Ps 18:5 The sorrows of hell (sheol – 7585) compassed me about: the snares of death prevented me.

    Ps 55:15 Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell (sheol – 7585): for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.

    Ps 86:13 For great is thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell (sheol – 7585).

    Ps 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell (sheol – 7585) gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.

    Ps 139:8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell (sheol – 7585), behold, thou art there.

    Prov 5:5 Her feet go down to death; her steps take hold on hell (sheol – 7585).

    Prov 7:27 Her house is the way to hell (sheol – 7585), going down to the chambers of death.

    Prov 9:18 But he knoweth not that the dead are there; and that her guests are in the depths of hell (sheol – 7585).

    Prov 15:11 Hell (sheol – 7585) and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?

    Prov 15:24 The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart from hell (sheol – 7585) beneath.

    Prov 23:14 Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell (sheol – 7585).

    Prov 27:20 Hell (sheol – 7585) and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

    Isa 5:14 Therefore hell (sheol – 7585) hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

    Isa 14:9 Hell (sheol – 7585) from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

    Isa 14:15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell (sheol – 7585), to the sides of the pit.

    Isa 28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell (sheol – 7585) are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

    Isa 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell (sheol – 7585) shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.

    Isa 57:9 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase thyself even unto hell (sheol – 7585).

    Ezek 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell (sheol – 7585) with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth.

    Ezek 31:17 They also went down into hell (sheol – 7585) with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.

    Ezek 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell (sheol – 7585) with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

    Ezek 32:27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell (sheol – 7585) with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.

    Amos 9:2 Though they dig into hell (sheol – 7585), thence shall mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down:

    Jonah 2:2 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell (sheol – 7585) cried I, and thou heardest my voice.

    Hab 2:5 Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, he is a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell (sheol – 7585), and is as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and heapeth unto him all people:

    Matt 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell (geenna – 1067) fire.

    Matt 5:29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell (geenna – 1067).

    Matt 5:30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell (geenna – 1067).

    Matt 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell (geenna – 1067).

    Matt 11:23 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell (hades – 86): for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

    Matt 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell (hades – 86) shall not prevail against it.

    Matt 18:9 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell (geenna – 1067) fire.

    Matt 23:15 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell (geenna – 1067) than yourselves.

    Matt 23:33 Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell (geenna – 1067)?

    Mark 9:43 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell (geenna – 1067), into the fire that never shall be quenched:

    Mark 9:45 And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell (geenna – 1067), into the fire that never shall be quenched:

    Mark 9:47 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell (geenna – 1067) fire:

    Luke 10:15 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell (hades – 86).

    Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell (geenna – 1067); yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

    Luke 16:23 And in hell (hades – 86) he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

    Acts 2:27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (hades – 86), neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

    Acts 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell (hades – 86), neither his flesh did see corruption.

    James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell (geenna – 1067).

    2 Pet 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell (tartaroo – 5020), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

    Rev 1:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell (hades – 86) and of death.

    Rev 6:8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell (hades – 86) followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

    Rev 20:13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell (hades – 86) delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

    Rev 20:14 And death and hell (hades – 86) were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.


SECTION #4: All occurances of the Hebrew word SHEOL – 7585

    Genesis 37:35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning. Thus his father wept for him.

    Genesis 42:38 And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

    Genesis 44:29 And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

    Genesis 44:31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.

    Num 16:30 But if the LORD make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and they go down quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the LORD.

    Num 16:33 They, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation.

    Deut 32:22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.

    1 Sam 2:6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.

    2 Sam 22:6 The sorrows of hellcompassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;

    IKing 2:6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.

    IKing 2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.

    Job 7:9 As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more.

    Job 11:8 It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know?

    Job 14:13 O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me!

    Job 17:13 If I wait, the grave is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness.

    Job 17:16 They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust.

    Job 21:13 They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.

    Job 24:19 Drought and heat consume the snow waters: so doth the grave those which have sinned.

    Job 26:6 Hell is naked before him, and destruction hath no covering.

    Ps 6:5 For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?

    Ps 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

    Ps 16:10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

    Ps 18:5 The sorrows of hell compassed me about: the snares of death prevented me.

    Ps 30:3 O LORD, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.

    Ps 31:17 Let me not be ashamed, O LORD; for I have called upon thee: let the wicked be ashamed, and let them be silent in the grave.

    Ps 49:14 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.

    Ps 49:15 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.

    Ps 55:15 Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.

    Ps 86:13 For great is thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.

    Ps 88:3 For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draweth nigh unto the grave.

    Ps 89:48 What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.

    Ps 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.

    Ps 139:8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there.

    Ps 141:7 Our bones are scattered at the grave’s mouth, as when one cutteth and cleaveth wood upon the earth.

    Prov 1:12 Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:

    Prov 5:5 Her feet go down to death; her steps take hold on hell.

    Prov 7:27 Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.

    Prov 9:18 But he knoweth not that the dead are there; and that her guests are in the depths of hell.

    Prov 15:11 Hell and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?

    Prov 15:24 The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.

    Prov 23:14 Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell.

    Prov 27:20 Helland destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

    Prov 30:16 The grave; and the barren womb; the earth that is not filled with water; and the fire that saith not, It is enough.

    Eccl 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

    Song 8:6 Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love is strong as death; jealousy is cruel as the grave: the coals thereof are coals of fire, which hath a most vehement flame.

    Isa 5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

    Isa 14:9 Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

    Isa 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

    Isa 14:15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.

    Isa 28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

    Isa 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.

    Isa 38:10 I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years.

    Isa 38:18 For the grave cannot praise thee, death can not celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth.

    Isa 57:9 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase thyself even unto hell.

    Ezek 31:15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him.

    Ezek 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth.

    Ezek 31:17 They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.

    Ezek 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

    Ezek 32:27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.

    Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.

    Amos 9:2 Though they dig into hell, thence shall mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down:

    Jonah 2:2 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.

    Hab 2:5 Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, he is a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell, and is as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and heapeth unto him all people:


SECTION #5: All occurences of the Hebrew words GAY – 1516 and HINNOM – 2011

    Josh 15:8 And the border went up by the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley (gay’ – 1516) of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley (‘emeq – 6010) of the giants northward:

    Josh 18:16 And the border came down to the end of the mountain that lieth before the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley (‘emeq – 6010) of the giants on the north, and descended to the valley (gay’ – 1516) of Hinnom, to the side of Jebusi on the south, and descended to Enrogel,

    II Ki 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.

    2 Chr 28:3 Moreover he burnt incense in the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, and burnt his children in the fire, after the abominations of the heathen whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.

    2 Chr 33:6 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

    Neh 11:30 Zanoah, Adullam, and in their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and in the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley (gay’ – 1516) of Hinnom.

    Jer 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart.

    Jer 7:32 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be called Tophet, nor the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, but the valley (gay’ – 1516) of slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophet, till there be no place.

    Jer 19:2 And go forth unto the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee,

    Jer 19:6 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor The
    valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, but The valley (gay’ – 1516) of slaughter.

    Jer 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley (gay’ – 1516) of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.


SECTION #6: All occurances of the Hebrew words TOPETH – 8611, 8612 & 8613

    Topheth – 8611

    Job 17:6 He hath made me also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was as a tabret.

    Topheth – 8612

    II Ki 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.

    Jer 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart.

    Jer 7:32 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be called Tophet, nor the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophet, till there be no place.

    Jer 19:6 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of slaughter.

    Jer 19:11 And shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaketh a potter’s vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, till there be no place to bury.

    Jer 19:12 Thus will I do unto this place, saith the LORD, and to the inhabitants thereof, and even make this city as Tophet:

    Jer 19:13 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet, because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods.

    Jer 19:14 Then came Jeremiah from Tophet, whither the LORD had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of the LORD’s house; and said to all the people,

    Topheth – 8613

    Isa 30:33 For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.


SECTION #7: All occurances of the Greek word GEENNA – 1067

    Matt 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

    Matt 5:29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

    Matt 5:30 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

    Matt 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

    Matt 18:9 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.

    Matt 23:15 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.

    Matt 23:33 Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

    Mark 9:43 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

    Mark 9:45 And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched:

    Mark 9:47 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire:

    Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

    James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.


SECTION #8: All occurences of the Greek word HADES – 86

    Matt 11:23 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

    Matt 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

    Luke 10:15 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell.

    Luke 16:23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

    Acts 2:27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

    Acts 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

    1 Cor 15:55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

    Rev 1:18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

    Rev 6:8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

    Rev 20:13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

    Rev 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.


SECTION #9: The only occurance of the Greek word TARTAROO – 5020

    2 Pet 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;


SECTION #10: Comparison of Bible Versions and the English Word HELL

    This section shows the different ways the English word HELL was used by translators for several of the most popular English Bibles. Each column represents a particular Bible version while each row indicates a separate bible verse. The X’s indicate which Bible version has HELL as the translation in a particular bible verse. It is interesting to note that the translators of most of the newer bible versions decided that the English word HELL belonged in the New Testament but not the Old Testament. I used a computer program called PC Bible Study along with internet bible search engines to compile the first 11 translations. The remaining bible versions with an asterisk next to them where supplied by someone else and I haven’t been able to check them out for myself yet.

    Color Key
    Old Testament
    Apocrypha
    New Testament
    Totals
    Bible Version Key
    1 The Living Bible 1971
    2 King James Version 1611
    3 Webster’s 1833
    4 New King James 1982
    5 Bible in Basic English 1965
    6 New International Version 1984
    7 American Standard 1901
    8 New American Standard 1977
    9 Revised Standard Version 1952
    10 New Revised Standard Version 1989
    11 Young’s Literal Translation 1898
    12 * A Translation of the New Testament – (NT Only) 1798
    13 * The Emphatic Diaglott – (NT Only) 1900
    14 * Rotherham Emphasized Bible 1800′s
    15 * The New Covenant 1884
    16 * The Twentieth Century New Testament – (NT Only) 1904
    17 * The Holy Bible in Modern English 1903
    18 * The New Testament from the Greek – (NT Only) 1979
    19 * The People’s New Testament – (NT Only) 1936
    20 * The Sacred Scriptures-Concordant Version 1926
    21 * The New Testament in Modern Speech – (NT Only) 1902
    22 * The New Testament, A Translation – (NT Only) 1898
    23 * The New Testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Anointed – (NT Only) 1958
    24 * Concordant Literal New Testament – (NT Only) 1966
    25 * Restoration of Original Sacred Name Bible 1976


    Comparison of Bible Versions and the English Word HELL
    Bible
    Verses
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
    Deu 32:22   X X X          
    2Sa  22:6 X X X   X        
    Job   11:8   X X            
    Job  26:6   X X            
    Psa   9:17 X X X X          
    Psa  16:10   X X            
    Psa   18:5   X X   X        
    Psa  49:8 X                
    Psa 55:15   X X X          
    Psa  63:9 X                
    Psa 86:13 X X X            
    Psa 103:4 X                
    Psa 116:3   X X            
    Psa 139:8   X X X          
    Pro   2:18 X                
    Pro   5:5 X X X X          
    Pro  7:27 X X X X          
    Pro  9:18 X X X X          
    Pro 15:11 X X X X          
    Pro 15:24 X X X X          
    Pro 23:13 X                
    Pro 23:14   X X X          
    Pro 27:20 X X X          
    Pro 28:17 X                
    Pro 30:15 X                
    Isa    5:14 X X X            
    Isa    14:9 X X X X          
    Isa  14:15 X X X            
    Isa  24:17 X                
    Isa 28:15 X X            
    Isa 28:18 X X            
    Isa    57:9 X X X            
    Eze 26:20 X                

    Eze  28:8

    X                
    Eze 31:14 X                
    Eze 31:15 X          
    Eze 31:16 X X X          
    Eze 31:17 X X          
    Eze 31:18 X                
    Eze 32:21 X X          
    Eze 32:33 X                
    Eze 32:24 X                
    Eze 32:27 X X          

SECTION #11: How SHEOL was Translated for Different Types of People

    The Greek words GEENNA, HADES and TARTAROO were all translated as HELL except for 1Co 15:55. The Hebrew word SHEOL was not consistently translated as HELL. This section was generated to try and figure out how the King James translators determined when to use the English word HELL for the Hebrew Word SHEOL. I speculated that they might have did so depending on whether or not the person(s) in the text were Righteous or Unrighteous. The tables below show the results of my theory. I’ll let you decide if these tables help to determine how the translators made their decisions. I used The Englishman’s Hebrew Concordance of the Old Testament to find ALL occurrances of the Hebrew word SHEOL.

    Righteous People
    Verses Person(s) KJV Translation
    Gen 37:35 Jacob & Joseph grave
    Gen 42:38 Jacob grave
    Gen 44:29 Jacob grave
    Gen 44:31 Jacob grave
    Job 14:13 Job grave
    Job 17:13 Job grave
    Psa 16:10 Messiah hell
    Psa 30:3 David grave
    Psa 49:15 Sons of Korah grave
    Psa 86:13 David hell
    Isa 38:10 Hezekiah grave
    Jon 2:2 Jonah hell
    (HELL used 25% of the time.)


    Unrighteous People
    Verses Person(s) KJV Translation
    Num 16:30 Korath, Dathan, Abiram pit
    Num 16:33 Korath, Dathan, Abiram pit
    Deu 32:22 Jews hell
    1Ki 2:6 Joab grave
    1Ki 2:9 Joab grave
    Job 21:13 Wicked grave
    Psa 9:17 Wicked hell
    Psa 31:17 Wicked grave
    Psa 49:14 Rich grave / grave
    Psa 55:15 Wicked hell
    Pro 5:5 Harlot & Guest hell
    Pro 7:27 Harlot & Guest hell
    Pro 9:18 Harlot & Guest hell
    Pro 15:24 Unwise hell
    Isa 5:14 Wicked Judah hell
    Isa 14:9 King of Babylon hell
    Isa 14:11 King of Babylon, Satan grave
    Isa 14:15 King of Babylon, Satan hell
    Isa 28:15 Rulers of Jerusalem hell
    Isa 28:18 Rulers of Jerusalem hell
    Isa 57:9 Israel’s Leaders hell
    Eze 31:15 Egypt grave
    Eze 31:16 Egypt hell
    Eze 31:17 Egypt hell
    Eze 32:21 Egypt hell
    Eze 32:27 Egypt hell
    Hos 13:14 Israel Restored grave / grave
    Amo 9:2 Israel hell
    Hab 2:5 Wicked hell
    (HELL used 61% of the time.)


    All People
    Verses Person(s) KJV Translation
    1Sa 2:6 All grave
    Job 7:9 All grave
    Job 24:19 Sinners/All grave
    Psa 89:48 All grave
    Psa 141:7 All hell
    Pro 1:12 All grave
    Pro 15:11 All hell
    Ecc 9:10 All grave
    (HELL used 25% of the time.)


    Other References
    Verses Person(s) KJV Translation
    2Sa 22:6 David surrounded by hell
    Job 11:8 God’s limits lower than hell
    Job 17:16 Mockers of Job pit
    Job 26:6 Naked before God hell
    Psa 6:5 No Praises from grave
    Psa 18:5 Sorrowful hell
    Psa 88:3 Life draws near / Herman grave
    Psa 116:3 Painful hell
    Psa 139:8 God present in hell
    Pro 23:14 Disipline prevents hell
    Pro 27:20 Never full hell
    Pro 30:16 Never satisfied grave
    Son 8:6 Cruel grave
    Isa 38:18 Thankless grave
    (HELL used 57% of the time.)

SECTION #12: Textus Receptus, Alexandrian-Nestle and King James Version Comparison for Hades

    The Textus Receptus was supposedly compiled in 1516 by Erasmus from a few manuscripts. They were accepted at the time by some to be the only trustworthy and reliable manuscripts. Later manuscript discoveries, the Majority Text, was believed to confirm the reliability of the Textus Receptus. The King James Version was translated from the Textus Receptus.

    The Alexandrian text is supposedly based mainly on two manuscripts called Vaticanus and Sinaitcus. The Alexandrian text used for this study follows the Nestle Greek textual tradition. This is the same tradition that most modern English bible translations follow today, such as the NIV, NASB and NRSV. This tradition is also followed by the United Bible Societies’ (UBS) Greek Text. Supposedly, most scholars consider this tradition to represent the oldest and most accurate Greek text available today.

    The two families of Greek manuscripts defined above are behind the King James Only controversy. I am currently neutral as to which one I think best represents the original manuscripts. Because I am lacking knowledge in this area, I’ve decided to show the differences between both sets of manuscripts. The first table below shows the differences between the Textus receptus and the Alexandian texts. The second table shows the different spellings of the Greek words used for HADES. I used The Interlinear Bible for the Textus Receptus text and The New Greek-English Interlinear New Testament for the Alexandrian text.

    Comparison of the Textus Receptus and Alexandrian Greek Manuscripts
    Verse Textus Receptus Alexandrian
    (Nestle’s)
    KJV
    Mat 11:23 hell
    Mat 16:18 hell
    Luk 10:15 hell
    Luk 16:23 hell
    Act 2:27 hell
    Act 2:31 hell
    1Co 15:55 —— grave
    Rev 1:18 hell
    Rev 6:8 hell
    Rev 20:13 hell
    Rev 20:14 hell


    Different Spellings of HADES
    HADES
    Textus Receptus and Alexandrian – (Greek)

SECTION #13: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Sheol & Hades

    The purpose of this section is to show that translators two hundred years before the Christian era considered the Greek word HADES to be the best translation for the Hebrew word SHEOL.

    The Masoretic text was created around the sixth century A.D. by the Masoretes. The Masoretes supposedly replaced scribes who had been copying the original text for many successive generations and continued to preserve the scriptures for another five hundred years in a form known as the Masoretic Text. The KJV along with most of the newest bible versions have been translated from this Hebrew text.

    The Septuagint is a Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures. It was supposedly created in Alexandria and is said to be the earliest known version that is extant. It is thought to have been created about three centuries before the Christian era.

    Some of the articles I read on the subject of HELL mentioned that the Septuagint translators used the Greek word HADES for the Hebrew word SHEOL. The data in the first table below confirms the statements made by these authors. The second table shows the different spellings for SHEOL in Hebrew and for HADES in Greek. It is important to relize that the Septuagint translators did not translate from from the Masoretic text because it didn’t exist until the sixth century A.D. If in the future I am able to find a copy of the Hebrew text that was used for the Septuagint translation, I will include it in the tables also. I used the The Septuagint with Apocrypha and Hatch and Redpath Concordance to the Septuagint to gather the data for these tables.

    Comparison of the Masoretics SHEOL to the Septuagints HADES
    Verse Masoretic Septuagint KJV   Verse Masoretic Septuagint KJV
    Gen 37:45 grave   Psa 141:7 grave’s
    Gen 42:38 grave   Pro 1:12 grave
    Gen 44:29 grave   Pro 5:5 hell
    Gen 44:31 grave   Pro 7:27 hell
    Num 16:30 pit   Pro 9:18 hell
    Num 16:33 pit   Pro 14:12 —— ——
    Deu 32:22 hell   Pro 15:11 hell
    1Sa 2:6 grave   Pro 15:24 hell
    2Sa 22:6 —— hell   Pro 16:25 —— ——
    1Ki 2:6 grave   Pro 23:14 —— hell
    1Ki 2:9 grave   Pro 24:51 —— ——
    Job 7:9 —— grave   Pro 27:20 hell
    Job 11:8 hell   Pro 30:16 —— grave
    Job 14:13 grave   Ecc 9:10 grave
    Job 17:13 grave   Son 8:6 grave
    Job 17:16 pit   Isa 5:14 hell
    Job 21:13 grave   Isa 14:9 hell
    Job 24:19 —— grave   Isa 14:11 grave
    Job 26:6 hell   Isa 14:15 hell
    Job 33:22 —— ——   Isa 14:19 —— ——
    Job 38:17 —— ——   Isa 28:15 hell
    Psa 6:5 grave   Isa 28:18 hell
    Psa 9:17 hell   Isa 38:10 grave
    Psa 16:10 hell   Isa 38:18 grave
    Psa 18:5 hell   Isa 38:18 —— grave
    Psa 30:3 grave   Isa 57:9 hell
    Psa 31:17 grave   Jer 41:5 —— ——
    Psa 49:14 grave   Eze 31:15 grave
    Psa 49:14 grave   Eze 31:16 hell
    Psa 49:15 grave   Eze 31:17 hell
    Psa 55:15 hell   Eze 32:21 —— hell
    Psa 86:13 hell   Eze 32:27 hell
    Psa 88:3 grave   Hos 13:14 grave
    Psa 89:48 grave   Hos 13:14 grave
    Psa 115:17 —— ——   Amo 9:2 hell
    Psa 116:3 hell   Jon 2:2 hell
    Psa 139:8 hell   Hab 2:5 hell
    Special Notes Concerning Pro 24:51
    Pro 24:51 is found only in the Hatch & Redpath Concordance to the Septuagint.

    NOTE from the Septuagint Greek and English Bible: The verses of this chapter are much intermingled with parts of other chapters.


    Different Spellings of SHEOL and HADES
    SHEOL
    Masoretic Text – (Hebrew)
    HADES
    Septuagint Text – (Greek)
     
     
     
     

SECTION #14: Masoretic, Septuagint and King James Version Comparison for Hinnom

    The data in the first table below shows the different ways HINNOM was translated in the Septuagint. The second table shows the different spellings for HINNOM in Hebrew and Greek.

    Comparison of the Textus Receptus and Alexandrian Greek Manuscripts
    Verse Masoetic Septuagint KJV
    Jos 15:8 Hinnom
    Jos 15:8 Hinnom
    Jos 18:16 Hinnom
    Jos 18:16 Hinnom
    2Ki 23:10 Hinnom
    2Ch 28:3 Hinnom
    2Ch 33:6 Hinnom
    Neh 11:30 —— Hinnom
    Jer 7:31 Hinnom
    Jer 7:32 Hinnom
    Jer 19:2 —— Hinnom
    Jer 19:6 Hinnom
    Jer 32:35 Hinnom
    Different Spellings of HINNOM and GEENNA
    HINNOM
    Masoretic Text – (Hebrew)
    GEENNA and Others
    Septuagint Text – (Greek)
     
     
     
     

SECTION #15: How the Apostle Peter Translated the Hebrew word SHEOL

    It appears that the Greek word HADES was considered by Luke, the author of Acts, and the Apostle Peter to be the same as the Hebrew word SHEOL. HADES appears in Acts 2:25-28 were Luke writes about Peter making reference to Psalm 16:8-11 which uses the word SHEOL.

    Ps 16:8-11 I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. 9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. 10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (Sheol – 7585); neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.

    Acts 2:25-28 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (Hades – 86), neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.


SECTION #16: How the Apostle Peter Translated the Hebrew word SHEOL

  • It appears that the Greek word HADES was considered by Luke, the author of Acts, and the Apostle Peter to be the same as the Hebrew word SHEOL. HADES appears in Acts 2:25-28 were Luke writes about Peter making reference to Psalm 16:8-11 which uses the word SHEOL.
    • The Seven Rules of Bible Interpretation <————– Under Construction.
    • Outline from Nave’s Topical Bible – (HELL) <————– Under Construction.
    • Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary – (HELL) <————– Under Construction.
    • Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary – (HINNOM) <————– Under Construction.
    • Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary – (TOPETH) <————– Under Construction.
    • New Unger’s Bible Dictionary – (HELL) <————– Under Construction.
    • New Unger’s Bible Dictionary – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • New Unger’s Bible Dictionary – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • New Unger’s Bible Dictionary – (HINNOM) <————– Under Construction.
    • New Unger’s Bible Dictionary – (TOPETH) <————– Under Construction.
    • International Standard Bible Encylopaedia – (HELL) <————– Under Construction.
    • International Standard Bible Encylopaedia – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • International Standard Bible Encylopaedia – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • International Standard Bible Encylopaedia – (HINNOM) <————– Under Construction.
    • International Standard Bible Encylopaedia – (TOPETH) <————– Under Construction.
    • Vincent’s Word Studies of the New Testament – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • Vincent’s Word Studies of the New Testament – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • Vincent’s Word Studies of the New Testament – (TARTAROO) <————– Under Construction.
    • Robertson’s Word Pictures in the New Testament – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • Robertson’s Word Pictures in the New Testament – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • Robertson’s Word Pictures in the New Testament – (TARTAROO) <————– Under Construction.
    • Barnes’ Notes – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • Barnes’ Notes – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • Barnes’ Notes – (TARTAROO) <————– Under Construction.
    • Adam Clarke Commentary – (GEENNA) <————– Under Construction.
    • Adam Clarke Commentary – (HADES) <————– Under Construction.
    • Adam Clarke Commentary – (TARTAROO) <————– Under Construction.

      My Conclusions Concerning the Biblical Words Behind HELL

      In the King James version of the bible the English word HELL is used as the translation for the biblical words SHEOL, HADES, GEENNA and TARTAROO (See Section #3:). When I first started this study I expected to find only two biblical words for HELL, one in Hebrew in the Old Testament and one in Greek in the New Testament. I also assumed that the two words would have the same meaning. When HELL was used in the Old Testament the Hebrew word always turned out to be SHEOL. Something that surprised me about SHEOL was that the King James translators did not consistently use HELL but sometimes used GRAVE or PIT (See Section #4:). When I started looking for the Greek word in the New Testament I found out that there were three Greek words instead of one. They turned out to be HADES, GEENNA and TARTAROO. I also discovered that 1st Corinthians 15:55 had HADES translated as GRAVE instead of HELL in the KJV while other bible manuscripts didn’t even contain HADES in this verse.

      Old Testament
      (Hebrew)
      New Testament
      (Greek)
      SHEOL HADES
      GAY’ HINNOM GEENNA \ GEHENNA
      TOPETH GEENNA \ GEHENNA
        TARTAROO
      This table represents what I currently consider to be Hebrew and Greek word equivalents.

      SHEOL \ HADES
      It appears that the Greek word HADES was considered to be the same as the Hebrew word SHEOL. The word HADES also appears in Luke 16:19-31 and seems to have the same attributes as SHEOL in the Old Testament. HADES also appears in Acts 2:25-28 were Peter made reference to Psalm 16:8-11 which uses the word SHEOL. The Septuagint is a Greek version of the Hebrew scriptures and HADES was used for SHEOL. A comparison of Acts 2:25-28 with Psalm 16:8-11 along with the Septuagint findings appears to give both words the same meaning

      GAY HINNOM \ GEENNA \ GEHENNA \ TOPHETH
      GAY HINNOM was a valley south of Jerusalem. TOPETH was a place located in the east region of GAY HINNOM. TOPETH was the place where children were sacrificed in the Old Testament days along with being the place where garbage and criminals were dumped in Jesus’ day. Look at lower part of map to see the location of the refuse gate. It’s near the east region of GAY HINNOM. It appears that the word GEENNA and GEHENNA are different spellings of the same word. It has been stated in commentaries that the Greek word GEENNA is the same as the Hebrew words GAY HINNOM. When the word GEENNA was used in the New Testament, the authors seemed to be talking more about the area of TOPHETH than all of GAY HINNOM. See the Septuagint findings for HINNOM to confirm that GEENNA was considered to be a physical place. The following verses show the original meanings for each of these words:

      II Ki 23:10 And he defiled Topheth (8612), which is in the valley (Gay – 1516) of the children of Hinnom (2011), that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.

      Jer 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet (8612), which is in the valley (Gay – 1516) of the son of Hinnom (2011), to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart.

      TARTAROO
      This Greek word is used once and doesn’t appear to have a Hebrew equivalent. The verse that has TARTAROO in it seems to show the meaning to be: a holding place for sinful angels until their judgment is exercised. See the following verse that contains this word:

      2 Pet 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell (Tartaroo – 5020), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
  • Ps 16:8-11 I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. 9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. 10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (Sheol – 7585); neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.

    Acts 2:25-28 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (Hades – 86), neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.


    Commentaries

Introduction to the Hell site

Featured

What you will find at the What the hell is “Hell?” Site

Valley of Gehenna

Map - Valley of Gehenna

After spending several years in many different denominations of Christianity, spending thousands of hours comparing and studying various translations of the Bible, looking into the Greek and Hebrew behind our English translations, studying the writings of the early Church Fathers, and seeking God in prayer with all that is in me, I am one hundred percent convinced there is NO such thing as a Hell of everlasting tortures as taught in most denominations of Christianity.

This site is dedicated to the eradication of the myth of Hell from the face of this earth. This pagan myth, invented by men and women—NOT God—has been a great stain upon the nature and character of our Creator for thousands of years. It has turned men and women into animals and caused them to see the Creator as a fiend. It is time to dismantle this evil.

Continue reading